The Sounds of Ideology

How music shapes, reflects, and retaliates against dominant culture Contemporary popular songs that we hear on the radio, watch on YouTube, and recognize in elaborate remixes at dance parties have not been widely recognized for their explicit ideals. However, mainstream music didn’ t always hold this place in Western culture. Audiences and critics often distinguish…

Sexism in cinema

Are outdated movie tropes still used today? Gender representation in popular cinema has been one of the key discourses among filmmakers, critics and audience members. While it may not be difficult to detect ‘ideal’ feminine or masculine traits in popular films, their accuracy has often been challenged, as the concept of gender becomes more fluid.…

The dark side of animation

Representations of the church, state and economy in popular cartoons While we all know that animated features and shorts target younger audiences, they may have a few socio-political references disguised in their narrative. In fact, there are many religious, authoritarian, and economic implications coded in some popular animated flicks. Upon closer examination, these implications shed…